Archive for February, 2013

What do You Mean by Roofing Installation

Roofing installation, as the name suggests, is the act of fitting and mounting shingles on the roof. Whether it is new or for renovation purposes, you can do it on your own in order to save a significant amount of money. While it is best left in the hands of professionals, you can perform roofing installation with the help of your friends if you have the time and the patience to complete the job.

Since roofing installation is a dangerous task, you should make sure that you have all the important roofing Surrey materials, which are the following:

  • Ladder
  • Tape Measure
  • Composite Asphalt Shingles
  • Air Compressor (featuring a staple gun or nail gun)
  • Blueprints
  • Roof trusses
  • Galvanized roofing nails (12-gauge)
  • Rafter Tires
  • Plywood
  • Exterior Plywood
  • Framing Hammer
  • Claw Hammer
  • Finish Hammer
  • Circular Saw
  • Hand Saw
  • Hacksaw
  • Carpenter’s Level
  • Metal Fasteners
  • Sheathing Clips
  • Chalk Line
  • Staples
  • Tar Paper
  • Caulking Gun

How to Install a Roof

  1. Go over the blueprints of your roofing Surrey project.  This can help you determine the design of the roof, which is important for you to be able to do the task efficiently and effectively.
  2. Frame the roof.
  3. Sheath the roof. Install the plyboard sheets until you reach the top. Cut the excess. Put the nails in place.
  4. Apply tar paper, making sure the right side is facing up. Secure the tar paper with the use of a staple gun.
  5. Install the shingles. Start with the first row with the use of drip edge shingles. Secure the shingles with the use of 12-gauge galvanized roofing nails.
  6. Install the next row, with the shingles on top of the first row.
  7. Install the ridge shingles or hip shingles.
  8. Place the cut shingles on top of the ridge.
  9. Apply roofing cement on each nail to make sure that your roofing Surrey shingles are securely in place. Seal the edges as well.


  • Before starting with your roofing project, make it a point to visit your city hall to inquire about the needed permits as well as the building regulations.
  • Avoid roofing Surrey during wet seasons, such as rainy or snowy days.
  • Avoid power wires. Work a few feet away from them as electrocution can be fatal.
  • If you find it hard to walk on the surface, don’t. Rent walk boards or roof jacks to be safe.
  • Protect yourself. Wear eye and ear protection, as well as heavy-soled boots.
  • When the sheath gets drenched in water, dry it first before applying the tar paper.
  • Secure your ladder to prevent accidents. Tie your ladder to a sturdy part of your home.
  • Avoid leaving excess shingles and other debris on the roof, as these are the most common causes of slippages and accidents.

What is Carpentry Framing

The world of carpentry is vast. This multi-dimensional discipline is intellectually and physically demanding because it covers a variety of activities.

One of the four sections of carpentry is what many know as framing. Here, you can learn more about this carpentry Croydon discipline, its applications, types, and why excellent framing is required for every type of structure.

What is Carpentry Framing?

Simply put, carpentry framing is about building the basic structure of a home or a building – roofs, walls, floors and foundations. Also known as rough carpentry, this part is important for creating new structures, as well as remodeling old ones.

Materials Used

In framing, the most common product used by carpentry Croydon experts is lumber. It is very popular with most workers because it is readily available and easy to use. Best of all, it is relatively inexpensive compared to other materials.

Although this is the case, there are other framers who use other products, such as concrete, brick and steel. Because these materials offer better support than lumber, usage of such will require highly-skilled carpenters as well as sophisticated framing equipment.

Types of Framing

There are many types of framing, the most famous of which is platform framing. This activity is usually carried out in the construction of residential and commercial structures. In this activity, the subfloors are set on the foundation walls. The subfloors then act as platforms where the framing can be installed.

Another type is balloon framing, which was famous from the 1800’s to the 1940’s. Nowadays, it is not done as much by carpentry Croydon personnel because there is no available that is long enough and strong enough to carry the rivets that need to traverse from the first floor to the second floor of the structure. Another reason why it is not popular anymore is that it requires firestopping, which prevents the flame from travelling from one cavity to another.

The last type of framing is known as post and beam framing. For this activity, notched sill beams that are placed on the top of the perimeter are utilized. Add to that, a number of long, vertical posts will be installed 6 to 8 feet apart from each other in order to provide support for a second-story subfloor plate.

Building Codes

Framing is an important aspect in construction, as incorrect activity can lead to structural damage, a hazard to one’s finances and physical well-being, most importantly. When carpentry Croydon professionals carry out framing tasks, they have to adhere to a building code, in order to ensure that the activity is done precisely.

The code stipulates several objects, some of which are the following: height of the ceiling, height of dropped interior soffits, size of door gaps, width of the hallways, construction of the staircases and the maximum amount of wall space wherein glass can be used.

What is Portrait Drawing

Since the beginning of time people have drawn portraits. A portrait is a picture or an image representing a person in which the individual is in the same position. Usually the aim of a portrait is to show the moods, likeness, and nature of an individual. The portrait usually displays the individual looking directly to the portraitist so as to connect the main subject with the viewer. Portrait drawing is the visual art that includes several drawing instruments. Such instruments include things like pencils and erasers.

When an artist does one’s own portrait it is usually known as s a self-portrait. Portraits are used in several areas, for example:


When it comes to politics the presidential portrait is usually used as a symbol of that nation. Mostly, these presidential portraits are usually put in governmental buildings. This is usually a common tradition to most countries.



In literature, the word portrait means written analysis or description of an object or an individual. It usually gives a deep understanding and investigation that is beyond the general outlook of its impression. Below are the advantages and disadvantages of portrait drawings.

Use Your Own Photos.

When it comes to portrait drawing the artist can decide to work with one’s own photos. This is important hence it is fun and simple to work with things that are familiar with one.

Improving Ones Talent

Drawing is a talent though some individuals actually learn how to draw and they end up becoming experts. Frequency in drawing portraits helps one improve their drawing skills and this will always keep them busy doing something they like.

Source Of Income

Some of the artists earn their living through drawing of portraits by selling those portraits and making good money.

House Decoration

Some of the portraits that artists draw are usually for fun and they end up decorating their houses. Some may also decide to give the portraits out as presents to their loved ones.

Disadvantages of Portrait Drawing

Each and every thing that has an advantage also has a disadvantage. Some of the disadvantages or challenges found in portrait drawing include:

Difficult To Draw

This applies in most cases to people who are learning how to draw. Drawing is not an easy task and requires a lot of passion and concentration.

Lack of Interest

A lot of people are usually not interested with portrait work. This makes it difficult to the artist and at times they may end up giving up on their passions and careers. This happens mainly where the artist is fully depending on the portrait drawing for income.

How to Develop Communication Skills

Communication is the process through which information is passed from one person to another. The person sending the message is referred to as the sender or encoder whereas the person receiving the message is referred to as the receiver or decoder. For the communication process to be complete there must be a feedback from the receiver, a gesture that they have received the message. Communication can be done using very many methods and these include gestures, facial expressions, writings, drawings, and words of mouth. However, for one to communicate effectively in a business or normal environment, it is important to know how to improve and develop his or her communication skills. Below are important points that will help guide an individual on how best to develop their communication skills.

Maintain Eye Contact When Communicating

Making eye contact with the person you are conversing with shows that you have an interest in what they are saying. It is a very important method of improving your communication skills both at home and at work places. However, one is not supposed to stare plainly at the person you are conversing with. There are specific ways of maintaining eye contact and some of them include moving your eyes as if you are looking at your partners left eye and right eye in turns. This technique makes your eyes sparkle, a feature that may make your partner want to talk to you more.

Use Gestures and Facial Expressions

In order to develop your communication skills it is important to use your whole body to communicate. This can be done by moving various parts of your body and face. It also greatly encouraged make more gesture when addressing more than one person.

Have Confidence in Yourself

It is important to build your confidence when speaking. Have courage accompanied by high self esteem. You should believe that you can effectively communicate your ideas and thoughts to people in the best way possible. Having strong confidence in what you say is one of the first steps to developing ones communication skills.

Keep Practicing the Learned Skills

It is important to expose yourself to a lot of challenging conversations. While at it, try and remember the best ways to improve your communication with others and put it into practice. It is very difficult to improve your communication skills with only theoretical information. It is highly encouraged to practice the skills learned in order to improve one’s communication skills.

Maintain a Positive Attitude

It is very important to hide negative emotions. Negative emotions can make you develop a bad attitude that might scare away people you are communicating with. It is always important to express sensitivity to matters you are discussing with others to show that you are at least paying attention to them. Show patience when talking with others. For example, when using prepaid online calling cards it is important to control your emotions so as not to rudely speak your clients.

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